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Metaparticle for .NET Core

Metaparticle/Package for .NET Core tutorial

This is an in-depth tutorial for using Metaparticle/Package for C#.

For a quick summary, please see the about metaparticle.

Initial Setup

Check the tools

The docker command line tool needs to be installed and working. Try: docker ps to verify this. Go to the install page if you need to install Docker.

The mp-compiler command line tool needs to be installed and working. Try mp-compiler --help to verify this. Go to the releases page if you need to install the Metaparticle compiler.

Get the code

$ git clone https://github.com/metaparticle-io/package
$ cd tutorials/dotnet/
# [optional, substitute your favorite editor here...]
$ code .

Initial Program

Inside of the tutorials/dotnet directory, you will find a AspNet Core project.

You can build this project with dotnet build.

The initial code is a very simple “Hello World”

using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;

namespace web
{
    public class Program
    {
        const int port = 8080;
        public static void Main(string[] args)
       	{
            WebHost.CreateDefaultBuilder(args)
                .UseStartup<Startup>()
                .UseKestrel(options => { options.Listen(IPAddress.Any, port); })
                .Build()
                .Run();
    	}
    }
}

Step One: Containerize the Application

To build a container from our simple application we need to add a dependency to our build file, and then update the code.

Run:

dotnet add package Metaparticle.Package --version="0.1.3-beta"
dotnet add package Metaparticle.Runtime --version="0.1.3-beta"

Then update the code to read as follows:

using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;
using static Metaparticle.Package.Driver;

namespace web
{
    public class Program
    {
        const int port = 8080;
        [Metaparticle.Runtime.Config]
        [Metaparticle.Package.Config(Repository = "docker.io/docker-user-goes-here/simple-web", Publish = false)]
        public static void Main(string[] args) => Containerize(args, () =>
       	{
            WebHost.CreateDefaultBuilder(args)
                .UseStartup<Startup>()
				.UseKestrel(options => { options.Listen(IPAddress.Any, port); })
                .Build()
                .Run();
    	});
    }
}

You will notice that we added a Metaparticle.Package.Config annotation that describes how to package the application. You will need to replace your-docker-user-goes-here with an actual Docker repository path.

You will also notice that we wrapped the main function in the Containerize function which kicks off the Metaparticle code.

There is also the Metaparticle.Runtime.Config annotation. This is what actually runs your application. There will be more on that later.

You can run this new program with:

dotnet run

This code will start your web server again. But this time, it is running inside a container. You can see this by running:

docker ps

Step Two: Exposing the ports

If you try to access the web server on http://localhost:8080 you will see that you can not actually access the server. Despite it running, the service is not exposed. To do this, you need to add a [Metaparticle.Runtime.Config ...] annotation to supply the port(s) to expose.

The code snippet to add is:

...
    [Metaparticle.Runtime.Config(Ports = int[] {8080})]
...

This tells the runtime the port(s) to expose. The complete code looks like:

using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;
using static Metaparticle.Package.Driver;


namespace web
{
    public class Program
    {
        const int port = 8080;
        [Metaparticle.Runtime.Config(Ports = new int[] {port})]
        [Metaparticle.Package.Config(Repository = "docker.io/your-docker-user-name-here/simple-web",
                                     Publish = true,
                                     Verbose = true)]
        public static void Main(string[] args) => Containerize(args, () =>
       	{
            WebHost.CreateDefaultBuilder(args)
                .UseStartup<Startup>()
				.UseKestrel(options => { options.Listen(IPAddress.Any, port); })
                .Build()
                .Run();
    	});
    }
}

Now if you run this with dotnet run your webserver will be successfully exposed on port 8080.

Replicating and exposing on the web.

As a final step, consider the task of exposing a replicated service on the internet. To do this, we’re going to expand our usage of the Metaparticle.Runtime.Config tag. First we will add a replicas field, which will specify the number of replicas. Second we will set our execution environment to metaparticle which will launch the service into the currently configured Kubernetes environment.

Here’s what the snippet looks like:

...
    [Metaparticle.Runtime.Config(Ports = new int[] {port}, Executor = "metaparticle", Replicas = 4)]
...

And the complete code looks like:

using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;
using static Metaparticle.Package.Driver;


namespace web
{
    public class Program
    {
        const int port = 8080;
        [Metaparticle.Runtime.Config(Ports = new int[] {port}, Executor = "metaparticle", Replicas = 4)]
        [Metaparticle.Package.Config(Repository = "docker.io/your-docker-user-name-here/simple-web", Publish = true, Verbose = true)]
        public static void Main(string[] args) => Containerize(args, () =>
       	{
            WebHost.CreateDefaultBuilder(args)
                .UseStartup<Startup>()
				.UseKestrel(options => { options.Listen(IPAddress.Any, port); })
                .Build()
                .Run();
    	});
    }
}

You can run this using:

dotnet run

After you compile and run this, you can see that there are four replicas running behind a Kubernetes Service Load balancer:

$ kubectl get pods
...
$ kubectl get services
...

Still looking for more? Continue on to the more advanced sharding tutorial